Wood-Pewee, Eastern***

Wood-Pewee, Eastern
Spring: 
FC
Summer: 
FC
Fall: 
FC

Description: Look for this woodland-nesting flycatcher in the McDonald Woods or Barbara Brown Nature Reserve.

In summer, seek the shelter of the trees' shade in McDonald Woods at the Garden. Have a seat on one of the benches and listen for the pewee, a bird much more easily heard than seen. Even on a warm summer day, the Eastern Wood-Pewee sings his melancholy refrain.

Pee-a-wee. Pee-er. Pee-a-wee.

This denizen of Illinois native woodlands belongs to the flycatcher family, many of which sit on a snag, then sally out to snatch an insect full of protein.

The pewee sports gray-olive upper parts and pale gray underparts, with two whitish wing bars. Males and females look alike; young of the year have buffy wing bars. If you get a really close look, you'll notice the adult pewee has a dark upper mandible and dull yellow-orange at the base of the lower mandible.

This bird spends winter in Central and South America, where it can get plenty of insects to eat. It returns to the Chicago Botanic Garden and northern Illinois sometime in May to raise a family. The female builds a well-camouflaged nest of grass, plant, fibers, and lichens bound with spider webs on a horizontal branch of a deciduous tree.

If you're lucky in July and August, you might see the wood-pewee teaching its young to snatch flies, bees, wasps, and butterflies from the air. In September, family groups begin migrating southward.

The Eastern Wood-Pewee's numbers are declining, possibly due to habitat loss both on breeding and wintering grounds. The Cornell Lab of Ornithology considers this bird a species of conservation concern.

Restoration of the pewee's open woodland habitat — which is being done at McDonald Woods at the Garden — can help keep the pewee from further decline.

Birds have been finding their niches long before MySpace was invented. For example, different flycatcher species feed at different levels in the forest canopy, so they won't have to share eating space. The Eastern Wood-Pewee feeds lower than the Great Crested Flycatcher, another bird that has nested at the Garden. The pewee feeds higher in the canopy than the Least Flycatcher, which migrates through the Garden in spring and fall.

Click here to hear the Eastern Wood-Pewee!

KEY

Detectability

Regular (expected annually; defined as the average number of individual birds per birding day, week, or month expected by an experienced observer under normal circumstances in the proper habitat at the optimum time of season):

P= Permanent Residents (although wild birds are possible; look for clipped wing)
AB = Abundant (30+ per day)
VC = Very Common (10-30 per day)
C= Common (3-10 per day)
FC = Fairly Common (1-3 per day)
U = Uncommon (2 per week to 1 per day)
VU = Very Uncommon (3 per month to 2 per week)
R = Rare (1-3 per month)

Irregular (absent some years; defined as an average of one record by all observers in the stated number of years):

O = Occasional (1-3 years)
CA = Casual (3-11 years)
AC = Accidental (11+ years)

Designations for winter water birds are based on periods when lakes are mostly icefree.

Breeding

(***) Confirmed
(**) Probable
(*) Possible
(~)  Captive birds

Seasons

Spring (March 6 - June 5)
Summer (June 6 - August 15)
Fall (August 16 - November 30)
Winter (December 1 - March 5)